In the last few months, cyclones such as Idai, Fani, and Kenneth have caused devastation to millions. With the severity and frequency of extreme weather like this estimated to increase against the setting of climate change, it is quite important than ever to monitor and forecast events accurately. And, an ESA (European Space Agency) satellite is assisting with the task in hand. Shortly to celebrate 10 Years in orbit, SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) satellite was constructed to calculate soil moisture and ocean salinity to understand the water cycle better. While science promotes from its extents, the SMOS portfolio is being developed to aid with some daily applications that comprise tracking and improving forecasting of large storms.
The difficulty with observing cyclones and hurricanes from space is that satellite is holding camera-like instruments that cannot see through masses of wide spinning cloud to calculate wind speeds. Usually, satellite scatterometer instruments are the major source of data to measure wind speed in ocean waters, but SMOS could present supplementary information when storms are severe. Reportedly, SMOS carries a microwave radiometer to click images of brightness temperature. The measurement match up to radiation emitted from the Earth’s surface, which is then utilized to obtain data on ocean salinity and soil moisture.
Recently, the ESA (European Space Agency) along with GomSpace was in news for signing a contract to acclimatize and improve SmallSat subsystems for the deep space. The small satellites have been planned in the border of deep space technical missions for many years. Nevertheless, questions related to the similarity and reliability of the small satellites’ technology, usually utilized for LEO (low Earth orbit) applications with inadequate performance and lifetime obligations, have stayed unanswered or failed to address in the sufficient depth of the topic.
With a degree in Astrophysics, Michael Graves started his writing career as a freelance writer and now, with hard work and dedication, is working as a full-fledged writer. He is given the accountability to write news articles and blogs associated with the new inventions & innovations in Science world, galaxies and outer space, new satellite & spacecraft liftoffs, findings & discoveries, and much more. Michael, in spare time, aspires to take on different courses and acquire deep knowledge about the space worlds.